Georgia (Sakartvelo) country of Transcaucasia located at the eastern end of the Black Sea on the southern flanks of the main crest of the Greater Caucasus Mountains. Tbilisi, the capital, an ancient city with many architectural monuments mingling with modern buildings, lies in eastern Georgia, partly in a scenic gorge of the Kura River.
Georgia is divided into cities and regions. The biggest cities of Georgia are Tbilisi, Kutaisi, Batumi, Zugdidi, Rustavi, Gori, etc. Each city is distinguished by its unpredictable centuries-old history, customs, cultural and historical gorgeous sightseeing which impress people throughout the world.
The country has an ancient cultural heritage, unique traditions of hospitality and cuisine. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Over the centuries, Georgia has been a home for people of different cultural, ethnic and religious backgrounds.
The national language of Georgia is Georgian (Qartuli). The Georgian language belongs to the Kartvelian (or South Caucasian) language family and is introduced in 5th century BC.
Georgia has been producing wine for at least 8,000 years and is considered to be the birthplace of the beverage. UNESCO has listed the traditional Georgian winemaking method – in a clay jar called a Qvevri – on its Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity list.
There are three cultural sites listed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list: an ancient city and former capital Mtskheta, the massive cathedral complex Gelati Monastery, and the mountainous region of Upper Svaneti and Sites on the Tentative List (15).
The currency of Georgia is the Lari (GEL).